Texas E-bike Laws

Last Edited
November 14, 2021

Texas E-bike Laws

Reading full documents of laws, bills, constitutions, traffic rules and regulations, could be taxing for the reader. While it is important to know the law, sometimes all you need is a summary of key points to be aware of. And that is the purpose of this article. If you want to learn about the e-bike laws in the state of Texas, then you have come to the right place.

Whether you are about to make your first e-bike purchase, or you are already an experienced rider, knowing the traffic rules and regulations is very important for safety and organization.

E-bike Rules and Regulations

In General

E-bikes are regulated like traditional bicycles. They are usually allowed in places where regular bikes can be operated.

The state of Texas defines an electric bicycle as a bicycle with fully operable pedals, equipped with an electric motor not exceeding 750 watts, and with a top assisted speed of 28 mph. The top assisted speed refers to the speed at which the motor ceases to propel the bike or assist the rider.

State-Specific Laws

Texas, along with 25 other states, follows the three-tiered class system to differentiate models and speed differences. These 26 states have similar definitions for an electric bike, and identical rules and regulations regarding it. The three-tiered class system is as follows:

Class 1: equipped with a motor that assists the rider only when pedaling, top assisted speed of 20 miles per hour or less

Class 2: equipped with a motor that may be utilized to propel the bicycle without pedaling, top assisted speed of 20 miles per hour or less

Class 3: equipped with a motor that assists the rider only when pedaling, top assisted speed of more than 20 but less than 28 miles per hour, must be equipped with a speedometer


A permanent label, applied by a person who manufactures or sells an e-bike, should be visible in a permanent location. The format is Arial font in at least 9-point type showing:

  • Class identification of the electric bicycle
  • Top assisted speed
  • Motor wattage

A person who makes modifications on the motor-powered speed capability or engagement of an electric bike shall replace the label and show accurate information.

Federal Standards

In compliance with the United States Consumer Product Safety Commission, a person who manufactures or sells an e-bike shall ensure certain equipment and manufacturing requirements. 


Electric bicycles may not be prohibited on a highway that is primarily used by motor vehicles, or in an area which allows operation of non-electric bicycles under certain guidelines.


The rider of a Class 3 e-bike must be at least 15 years old. Riding as a passenger is exempt from this age restriction

Registration and Licensure

There are NO registration, licensing, or insurance requirements for electric bikes.

Helmet Requirements

Wearing of helmets are required for riders below 18 years old.

Hand Signals

Show the applicable hand signals from the left side:

  • Left turn signal - extend hand and arm horizontally
  • Right turn signal - extend hand and arm upward, except that a bicycle operator may signal from the right side of the vehicle with the hand and arm extended horizontally
  • Stop or decrease speed signal - extend hand and arm downward

On Roadways 

The rider who is moving slower than the other traffic shall position himself/herself as near as the right curb or edge of the roadway, unless:

  • The rider is overtaking another vehicle
  • The rider is preparing to make a left turn
  • The rider is prevented by a fixed or moving object from positioning to the right side of the roadway

Riding on the outside lane is possible if the lane is:

  • Less than 14 ft. in width with no designated bike lane
  • Too narrow for a bicycle to travel safely

Safety Equipment

Safety equipment requirements and guidelines include:

  • The bicycle must be equipped with fully functional brakes that are capable of making a braked wheel skid on a dry, level, clean pavement
  • At nighttime, a person may only operate the bicycle if it is equipped with a front lamp that emits a light that is visible from at least 500 feet, a rear lamp, and a fully approved red reflector.

Electric Mountain Bike Guidelines

  • E-mountain bike access varies significantly
  • Generally, e-MTBs are allowed on roads where motorized and non-motorized vehicles are allowed. 
  • For trails, e-MTBs are prohibited in trails focused on non-motorized activities
  • Ride only on authorized trails
  • Check your local land manager or local website to access information regarding specific trails.

Additional Notes: The state department or local authority has the power to make certain rules and regulations along its own jurisdictions.

Follow the law at all times

You should be aware of the traffic law at all times for your own safety, and for others as well. By following the law, you can ensure everyone’s safety because you know how to properly act on the road. Abiding the rules would help you avoid legal troubles that could cause hefty fines and fees. You could also help other motorists because they will know how to respond to your actions - turning, stopping, switching lanes, etc. 

The road belongs to everyone, and so is the shared responsibility. Have a safe and enjoyable ride with your electric bicycle!

Here is a quick summary on Texas E-bike Laws:

Three-tier class systemYES
Permanent up-to-date labelYES
SpeedometerClass 3 e-bikes are required
Age RequirementAt least 15 years old only for Class 3 riders
License, Registration, and Insurance NO
HelmetFor riders below 18 years old
Hand SignalsShow applicable hand signal
Road PositioningAs far to the right as possible; unless making a turn or hindered by a fixed or moving object
Safety EquipmentApproved front lamp, rear lamp, red reflector
Electric Mountain BikesRules vary significantly, ride only on  authorized trails
Local AuthorityCan implement certain rules on its own jurisdiction


H.B. No. 2188

Texas Transportation Code. Title 7. Subtitle C.

Texas Constitution and Statutes

Texas Transportation Code. Title 7. Subtitle G.

Texas' E-bike Laws - PeopleForBikes

Recent Articles

Want to learn more about Electric Bikes?
Check out some of our most recent article below!
Proudly designed with Oxygen, the world's best visual website design software
linkedin facebook pinterest youtube rss twitter instagram facebook-blank rss-blank linkedin-blank pinterest youtube twitter instagram