Minnesota Ebike Laws - Rules of the Road You Should Know

Last Edited
May 6, 2022

Heading to the state of Minnesota for an excellent ride within its bike trails, and bike paths, or maybe you want to ride around the countryside or city streets of the state? Before riding your e-bike, make sure you know the e-bike rules and regulations.

This article discusses some of the essential Minnesota ebike laws for electric bicycles, which answers most of the fundamental questions that most e-bike riders want to know.

What is the definition of electric bikes in Minnesota?

Minnesota classified electric bikes as underpinning bicycle categories by federal regulations. A bike with electrical components needs its pedals as opposed to pedal-based ones. The motor can only take over 1000W, and the motor can be activated with the brakes running.

If powered by humans, it speeds at a maximum of 20 kph. Unless battery-powered electric cars need lights, they must have rear lights that include colored lighting or blue LEDs at night, unless batteries can power them.

The Minnesota state law enforcement also adheres to ebike three-class system.

Even the Minnesota laws and regulations also adhere to the e-bike three-class system in which electric bikes are categorized based on the output of motor vehicles. Other states in the United States of America follow these guidelines for regulations, although some states have different rules regarding this.

As per Minnesota law and definitions of electric bikes:

Class 1 electric-assisted bicycles

Class 1 e-bikes mean an electric-assisted bicycle equipped with an electric motor that provides assistance only when the rider is pedaling with fully operable pedals and ceases to assist when the bike reaches the speed of 20 miles per hour.

Class 2 electric-assisted bicycles

Class 2 e-bikes mean an electric-assisted bicycle equipped with an electric motor capable of propelling the bike without the rider pedaling and ceases to provide assistance when the bicycle reaches the speed of 20 miles per hour.

Class 3 electric-assisted bicycle

Class 3 e-bikes mean an electric-assisted bicycle equipped with an electric motor that provides assistance only when the rider is pedaling and ceases to provide assistance when the bicycle reaches the speed of 28 miles per hour.

Do you need a license, insurance, or registration in Minnesota?

There is no required driver's license, application from an insurance company, or e-bike registration as per Minnesota law.

What are the rules for riding e-bikes on the trails in Minnesota?

Since e-bikes are also regular bikes with an electric motor, e-bikes are also allowed on state trails and on every bike path, and the same rules apply. Also, Routes maintained through the National Park Service may limit electric bike riding.

Do you have to be a certain age?

Typically there's a minimum age to ride an electric bike in MN. Rules may vary. You should always find some current and pertinent news about your state's ebiking programs.

Please refer to the state DNR website to ensure that current laws are available. Since electric bicycle models vary widely depending upon seasons it is very easy or difficult to identify fat-tired e-bike riders in winter.

What's the helmet law in MN?

As of now, there's no current helmet law in the state of Minnesota. However, we highly encourage you to wear a helmet all the time for public safety and prevent any serious injuries or accidents.

We will update you as soon as there's a new law. Meanwhile, you can get the latest information on their website.

Minnesota Ebike Laws Infographic
Minnesota Ebike Laws Infographic

Best bike trails for electric bikes around Minnesota

There are hundreds of bike trails and paved paths that are used for traditional bicycles and even for electric bikes. Minnesota caters to most types of bike trails, from family-friendly bike paths to complex terrain that is curated for different styles of bike riders.

Here are some of the notable bike trails that are worth checking out:

Lake Harriet Loop Bike Trail

A simple bike trail loop that has a total length of 4.5 km, the Lake Harriet Loop is something to consider if you are going out on a family bicycle trip. It's a beginner-friendly trail that offers a great view of Lake Harriet. The trail can have moderate to heavy traffic during peak hours.

Brownie Lake Mt. Bike Trails

For e MTB riders, you might want to check the Brownie Lake Mt. Bike Trails because of their complex terrain, although it only spans 2.3 km. This bike trail remains one of our best on the list due to its challenging bike paths that are steep, janky, tight, and rocky, making this a full-body workout when traversing this trail loop.

Terrace Oaks Trail

The Terrace Oaks Trails spans 5.1 km, surrounded by wildlife and with swamps and wooded areas. This bike trail is rated moderate, and it's a great place to hone your skills in riding on complex terrain. Additionally, there are tons of activities here besides biking which include bird watching, hiking, and nature trips, to name a few.

Important Note:

All of our e-bike rules and regulations are based on each local state's e-bike laws. In addition, our information and details regarding these e-bike laws are not permanent and are subject to change especially when there are updates and missed out details.

We highly encourage that you check with local authorities or check the website of your State, County, City, and other agencies.

See more information about bike laws in every state with our article: Ebike Regulations State Specific

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