Electric bike maintenance

Last Edited
December 6, 2021

Electric bike maintenance

You should know a few things before or after purchasing your first electric bike/e-bike. Electric bike maintenance is one of them. Taking regular care of your e bike can help keep it running well for better riding in the years to come.

It's essential to keep in mind that, as an electric bike is fundamentally a bicycle, you need to maintain it the same way that a traditional bicycle would. A regular bike is lighter and easier to maintain; an electric bike, on the other hand, is heavier, more powerful, and more sophisticated in design. 

However, it doesn't matter if you've ridden a conventional bike before or not. By familiarizing yourself with the most critical aspects of the bike, you can make the most of your time spent on two wheels. The battery and motor are the only extras you need to be concerned with while riding an electric bike.

Fortunately, this article will show the ways of electric bike maintenance, from cleaning it to applying lubricants. In this article, you'll learn the importance of performing regular component inspections, performing software and app upgrades, and ensuring your battery is fully functional.

Washing your electric bike properly

The upkeep of an electric bicycle is quite similar to that of a traditional bike in many ways. However, in particular, the drivetrain (cranks, chain, and sprocket) is subjected to more stress and wear than the rest of the bike's components do. For this reason, washing and maintaining your electric bike is critical.

Water and grease mixed with dirt and mud may create a paste that reduces your bike's performance at best and quickly wears down consumable parts at worst. But with proper maintenance and cleaning, your electric bike's efficiency and longevity will increase as its components work more smoothly. 

Manufacturers seal battery and motor units on electric bikes to prevent water from getting in for safety purposes. However, you should avoid cleaning any bicycle (especially e-bikes) with a vigorous jet wash. If you do so, the power of the water may push its way past the bike's multiple seals. 

Remove dirt and grime off your electric bike by washing it using buckets of water from a low-pressure hose, a brush, or a bike-specific cleaning agent. When cleaning your electric bike, switch it off (and ensure it's not charging) before removing the battery to confirm that all connections are secure. 

It is also good to clean your drivetrain if it appears too dirty already. This mess may be because of a buildup of black muck on the chain or mud in the rear derailleur of electric mountain bikes. You may clean them away with a rag or degreaser. 

After washing the bike, use a clean cloth to wipe off excess moisture to avoid accidentally contaminating the disc brakes/brake pads with any oil or other cleaning chemicals used 

It's also good to clean the battery connections now and then by using a soft cloth and a different lubricant. If you see any muck inside the charging ports, use a dry cloth or brush to remove it. When cleaning the bike, seal the port to prevent water from leaking in. 

Taking care of the battery

Even while it may seem complicated to take care of a sealed battery, there are many ways to keep your e-bike's battery in tiptop condition. There will be a gradual loss of charge over time for all lithium-ion batteries, around 5 percent each year. You can achieve longer battery life by taking proper care of the battery, storing it correctly, and keeping it charged.

Begin by removing your battery from your device regularly and cleaning it with a moist cloth. Use a dry brush to remove any remaining dirt from the contacts. Periodically clean and gently oil the battery contacts, but never use a high-pressure jet wash or high-pressure hose on the battery. 

If you have an optional second battery, make sure to disconnect it first, then use a soft, dry brush to clean the connections. 

Ensure that you completely charge the battery and store it away from direct sunlight in a dry environment. Your battery can get more use by not leaving it fully charged or low for long periods. 

You can unplug the battery from the bike if you aren't using it for an extended time. It will gradually lose power, so keep topping it off. For long-term storage, experts recommend charging your batteries by 30 to 60 percent.

Batteries in electric bikes are vulnerable to damage from extreme temperatures; thus, you should keep your e-bike battery out of direct sunlight and cool and dry. Charge and store the battery at room temperature in the winter, especially if the temperature is below 0°C, and reinsert the battery into the bicycle shortly before riding. 

Additionally, while some battery chargers may work with various electric bikes, you should only use the charger designed for your particular e-bike. Incorrect chargers might harm your e-bike battery since batteries don't always charge the same way. 

Maintaining the motor

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Because electric bike motors are enclosed in a sealed unit, they don't require any special maintenance. However, keep an eye out for signs of wear and tear or damage to the frame. Use particular caution while cleaning your e-bike to prevent water from getting into the engine. 

Remove the battery and reinstall it if the motor starts acting abnormally or an error number appears on display. When the battery is removed and reinserted, most electric bike motor systems reset, so turning them off and on again should fix most problems. 

While this is often the best course of action, seek a bike shop or the manufacturer for assistance if problems persist. Always have a professional look at whatever you do to the engine. 

Looking out for potential wear and tear

Shimano launches durable Linkglide technology for e-bike drivetrains

Electric bike makers have designed the components used in many e-bikes for aided riding. Because of the higher power output, speed, and weight of an e-bike, manufacturers now build more rigid parts to handle the additional forces that travel through them and reduce maintenance.

Drivetrains on electric bikes are often more robust and feature a wider range of gears than non-assisted bikes. E-bike-specific wheels and tires, forks, brake levers, and others are more durable because of this, as are other components. 

However, this added strengthening does not take away from the fact that an electric bike is still subjected to a great deal of abuse when taken out on a trip. Thus, you should still regularly check your bike for any loose screws, thinning tires, and dead batteries.

Look for anything that could puncture your tires, and tighten any slack in your wheel spokes if necessary. In addition, be on the lookout for signs of wear and tear that is excessive, like deterioration in brake pads. It's possible that a worn-out component – such as the chain – will cause other parts to wear out, such as the chainrings and cassette prematurely. 

Keeping software and apps up-to-date

Das Angebot an nützlichen Bike-Apps ist riesig.

Most e-bike system manufacturers release software updates; some do so sporadically, while others regularly do so. Nonetheless, they provide essential information and features to help you optimize your rides, which can significantly help your e-bike maintenance.

In addition to giving ride statistics and other helpful information, e-bike software or integrated displays can help you adjust the bike's performance. So, for example, the highest assistance option may produce less power and consume less energy, or you may want to modify some acceleration characteristics.

Also, with e-bike software or integrated displays, you may be able to adjust your bike's performance or be given statistics and other helpful information. So, for example, the most excellent assistance setting may use less power and use less energy. Thus, you may want to tweak some acceleration characteristics to improve performance after knowing.

These firmware updates may enhance torque, lengthen battery life, or give other valuable upgrades. Updates may still vary depending on the motor type and system your e-bike is running. Nonetheless, it's worth checking whether any updates are available for your e-bike for better maintenance. 

Taking it to professional services

bike shop

An annual service on a regular bike helps prevent issues before they arise and keeps it in top operating condition. Going to the experts for professional electric bike maintenance every six to twelve months is good if you do regular maintenance, as indicated above. 

Taking your electric bike to a professional bike shop will allow you to have it thoroughly inspected and tuned up by a technician. However, you must ensure that the technician is familiar with the model of the e-bike you use before allowing them to service it. 

If you have an e-bike, you can also take advantage of the inspection to install any updated software. It's similar to upgrading your smartphone, except that only a professional can handle it. 

When receiving an e-bike service, you may have to leave it in the shop for a few hours or overnight. In the process, the technician will work on it, fix any faults, replace any worn-out parts, and tune up your e-bike to restore it to its best condition. 

More to remember in electric bike maintenance

Also, make sure to check your e-tire bike's pressure regularly. Over time, a tire will inevitably develop leaks. Although correctly mounted tubeless tires and tires that utilize particular types of tubes leak less than others, the air still leaks from tires. Leaks can range from as little as a few PSI units to decreases that result in a flat tire during the course of the night.

Aside from posing a safety hazard, driving with either under-inflated or high tire pressure compromises comfort and traction. As a starting point, keep your tires inflated to within the recommended pressures indicated on the tire's sidewall but experiment to find the ideal tire pressure for you.

Aside from tires, it would help if you also consider the chains. When compared to regular bicycle chains, electric bike chains need to be lubricated more frequently. The gearbox will operate more smoothly if you add excellent lubrication to your chain regularly. After every ride, and especially after cleaning and drying the bike, be sure to do this. 

It's not always easy to apply lubrication to an electric bike. Most electric bikes don't allow you to backpedal, so try putting the bike on a work stand and turning the pedals to distribute the lubrication properly.

Finally, battery life and power output don't matter if your gears are grinding and loose screws around. Keep the drivetrain in good working order. An efficient drivetrain and correctly set gears will make your biking experience more enjoyable and help you get the most out of your bike over time. 


After all, maintaining anything, including an e-bike, can be time- and money-consuming. To get the most fun out of riding your electric bike, you'll need to take good care of it. By making regular maintenance a habit, you will help extend the life of some of the machine's essential components. 

A high-end e-bike can cost several thousand dollars, so keeping it in good working order is crucial. The payoff is an e-bike that runs better, lasts longer, and is safer to ride!

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